Giorgio de Chirico 1888-1978
N05976 La Famille du Peintre (The Painter's Family) 1926
Inscribed 'G. de Chirico' t.r.
Oil on canvas, 57 5/8 x 45 1/4 (146.5 x 115)
Purchased from Princess A.M. Callimachi (Knapping Fund) 1951
Prov:With Léonce Rosenberg (Galerie de l'Effort Moderne), Paris (purchased from the artist); with Valentine Gallery, New York; with Pierre Matisse, New York, 1931; Arthur Jeffress, New York and London, 1936; Princess A.M. Callimachi, Egerton, 1946
Exh:French Pictures from the Collection of Mr Arthur Jeffress, Southampton Art Gallery, August-September 1946 (15); Giorgio de Chirico, Palazzo Reale, Milan, April-May 1970 (75, repr.)
Lit:James Thrall Soby, Giorgio de Chirico (New York 1955), pp.97, 161; Claudio Bruni, Catalogo Generale Giorgio de Chirico. Volume primo: Opere dal 1908 al 1930 (Milan c.1971), No.68, repr.
Repr:Bulletin de 'L'Effort Moderne', No.31, 1927, between pp.8 and 9; Boris Ternovetz, Giorgio de Chirico (Milan 1928), 21st pl.
Painted in Paris in 1926. 'The Painter's Family' dates from de Chirico's period of association with the Surrealists when he tended to revive the subjects of his earlier Metaphysical period - in this case the mannequin figures - but in a heavier, more antique manner. The mannequin theme is said to have been inspired by a play Les Chants de la Mi-Mortwritten by de Chirico's brother Andrea (Alberto Savinio) and published in Apollinaire's magazine Les Soirées de Parisfor July-August 1914. The drama's protagonist is a 'man without voice, without eyes or face'.
The artist wrote of this painting (letter of 21 July 1958): 'The idea of these large heads shaped like an egg, which one also sees in my standing mannequins of the metaphysical type, did in fact come to me from seeing the maquettes designed by my brother who used the pseudonym of Alberto Savinio. My brother who was a writer, musician and painter, had written in 1914 a play entitled Les Chants de la Mi-Mort. This play was published in a revue edited then by Guillaume Apollinaire. My brother's works influenced in France, Guillaume Apollinaire, Jean Cocteau and also certain aspects of the work of Picasso. ...
'In the Tate Gallery painting, the idea of these seated figures with a very developed bust and very short legs came to me on seeing certain Gothic figures (apostles and saints) which are seated.'
The device of a painting-within-the-painting likewise made its first appearance in de Chirico's work of 1914. The picture on the easel has some general resemblance to the main composition in reverse, but does not appear to be directly related to any other painting.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, pp.121-2, reproduced p.121