Charles Eastlake was one of Turner's younger friends. Like Turner he was an admirer of Byron's poetry. This picture, exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1829 , illustrates stanzas from Byron's poem The Dream and shows the poet resting on his Eastern travels.
Eastlake finished the picture in Rome in 1827. Turner saw it during his visits to Eastlake in the city in 1828, and wrote to his friend to report its safe arrival at the Royal Academy in 1829.