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A lithograph is made by drawing on the surface of a flat stone or zinc plate, then adding a type of ink that sticks to the crayoned marks and pressing a piece of paper against it to make a print. As the dripping and pooling of ink on these lithographs demonstrates, the process was suited to the sort of gestural marks that Francis made in his paintings. He was struck by the subtle receptivity of the 'stone' on which the print is drawn, saying 'you breathe on it and it shows'.

September 2004