T01627 Femme debout criant
(Standing Woman shouting) 1940
Inscribed '19-5-40 | J.G.' b.l.
Pencil, pen and wash on paper, 12 5/8 x 9 3/8 (32 x 24)
Presented by Roberta González 1972
Lit: Josette Gibert, Julio González Dessins: Scènes Paysannes (Paris 1975), p.310 repr.; Josephine Withers, Julio González: Sculpture in Iron (New York 1978), pp.90-1, 168
Repr: Ronald Alley, The González Gift to the Tate Gallery (London 1974), p.40
This is one of a number of studies made over the period 1938-40 which led up to one of González's last sculptures, the 'Small Frightened Montserrat' of late 1941 - early 1942. The sculpture, which was modelled in plastilene and has been cast in bronze, is 30cm high, and is similar but not exactly the same in pose. Josephine Withers points out that it was probably intended as a preparation for a larger figure, as the head and the arms also exist on a larger scale.
González had previously made a life-size sculpture called 'Montserrat' in welded sheet iron of a peasant woman with a child on one arm which was exhibited in the Spanish pavilion at the Paris International Exhibition of 1937, at the same time as Picasso's 'Guernica'. Montserrat is both a fairly common Catalan given name and the name of a mountain near Barcelona, where there is a monastery containing an ancient statue of the Virgin which is one of the most celebrated holy images in Spain.
[All the drawings by Julio González given to the Tate are authenticated on the back by his daughter Roberta González and inscribed with a title and date, or approximate date. The titles are used in the catalogue entries, but the dating has been made more precise wherever possible. (Julio González's drawings are usually dated from about 1934 onwards, but the great majority of the early drawings are undated).]
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, pp.322-3, reproduced p.322