This painting shows James II fleeing to France after the Battle of the Boyne in 1690. James was a catholic whose short reign (1685-88) was dominated by religious and constitutional controversy. It ended in 1688 when his son-in-law, the protestant William of Orange, invaded and claimed the throne. This event became known as the 'Glorious Revolution' and was widely celebrated as the defining moment in the nation's progress towards parliamentary democracy and religious stability.
The Battle of the Boyne was a failed attempt, two years later, to replace James on the throne; he died in exile in 1701.