Greco was an Italian sculptor who specialised in female nudes and portrait busts. He had his first solo exhibition in Rome in 1946, and was awarded the sculpture prize at the 1956 Venice Biennale at which 'Large Bather I' was on exhibition. The artist regarded this sculpture as one of his most important works, and the model for it was Anna Padovan, who later became his second wife. Greco has since made another six large female bathers, all with different poses. It was his original intention to make twelve large figures of bathers and set them at intervals around a pond or swimming pool.