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Mediterranée was Kelly’s first purely abstract relief. He experimented with processes of chance to determine the colour combinations. ‘I wanted to show how any colour goes with any other colour’, he later commented. His use of relief reflected his desire to avoid the illusory representation of depth: ‘When I want to do a painting with one colour overlapping another, it has to be a real overlap, not a depicted overlap ... I no longer wanted to depict space, but to make a work that existed in literal space.’

November 2015