Godfrey Kneller 1646–1723
The First Marquess of Tweeddale
Oil paint on canvas
750 x 635 mm
Presented by Sir George Leon 1917
… ; acquired from Willson Bros, Pall Mall by Sir George Leon, by whom presented 1917.
Martin Davies, National Gallery Catalogues: The British School, London 1946, cat.3272, p.90.
J. Douglas Stewart, Sir Godfrey Kneller and the English Baroque Portrait, Oxford 1983, p.19 and cat.770, p.135.
John Hay, 1st Marquess of Tweeddale (1626–97) was the eldest son of John Hay, 8th Lord Hay of Yester and 1st Earl of Tweeddale. An eminent politician, he was a leading figure in the administration of Scotland. A firm supporter of William of Orange, on 5 June 1692 he was appointed Lord High Chancellor of Scotland; and on 17 December 1694 was created Marquess of Tweeddale. From 1695–6 he was High Commissioner to the Parliament of Scotland, and as such played a key role in the ordering of the special enquiry into the Glencoe massacre…