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In the early 1830s Turner was a regular visitor to Petworth, the Sussex house of his patron Lord Egremont. The house contained a fine collection of old master and contemporary British paintings, and many artists were entertained there. Turner used the Old Library as a studio. As well as painting the estate, he made many drawings of the house and its inhabitants and guests. The death of Egremont in 1837, and that of his other great friend and patron Walter Fawkes in 1825, increased Turner's social isolation in his later years.

September 2004