Jacques Lipchitz

Pregnant Woman

1912

Medium
Plaster
Dimensions
Object: 642 x 146 x 122 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Presented by the Lipchitz Foundation 1982
Reference
T03482

Display caption

Lipchitz received a thoroughly traditional training in sculpture. This involved copying plaster casts of classical sculpture, and learning how to develop an idea from small clay sketches to full-scale plaster models, which could then be copied in bronze or stone by craftsmen. The inspiration for this work lies less with traditional classical models, however, than with archaic sculptures of an earlier period, and, perhaps, medieval statuary. The woman's flattened features, the way in which her arms are pulled into the body, and the theme of pregnancy were all anti-classical, and reflected Lipchitz's awareness of the new interest amongst avant-garde artists in previously disregarded types of past sculpture.

Gallery label, August 2004

Catalogue entry

T03482 Pregnant Woman 1912

Plaster, coated with shellac 25 1/4 × 5 3/4 × 5 (642 × 146 × 122)
Inscribed ‘13’ under base in red paint
Presented by the Lipchitz Foundation 1982
Lit: Bert van Bork, Jacques Lipchitz. The Artist at Work, 1966, p.88; Lipchitz 1972, p.11 and repr.fig.6 (bronze); Stott 1975, pp.186 and 256 (2, bronze)

The artist associated this sculpture with the ‘Woman with Gazelles’ group of the same year, although it was an independent sculpture.

There is no record of a bronze cast before the reproduction in Lipchitz's autobiography. The figure's hair appears to have been remodelled at some time before its reproduction in Bert van Bork's book of 1966, but otherwise this is presumably an original plaster of 1912.

[For T03397 and T03479 to T03534 the foundry inscriptions, and reproductions of casts in other materials in the books listed below, are recorded. Abbreviations used:

Arnason 1969 H.H. Arnason, Jacques Lipchitz: Sketches in Bronze, 1969

Lipchitz 1972 Jacques Lipchitz, My Life in Sculpture, 1972

Stott 1975 Deborah A. Stott, Jacques Lipchitz and Cubism, 1975 (reprinted 1978)

Otterlo 1977 A.M. Hammacher, Lipchitz in Otterlo, Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterlo, 1977

Centre Pompidou 1978 Nicole Barbier, Lipchitz: oeuvres de Jacques Lipchitz (1891–1973) dans les collections du Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris, 1978

Arizona 1982 Jacques Lipchitz. Sketches and Models in the collection of Arizona Museum of Art, Tucson, Arizona. Introduction and catalogue by Peter Bermingham, 1982]


Published in:
The Tate Gallery 1982-84: Illustrated Catalogue of Acquisitions, London 1986

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