T03493 Sketch for Enterprise 1953
Plaster coated with shellac and pigment 11 3/4 × 13 × 6 (218 × 330 × 152)
Inscribed ‘#1’ incised into top of base, and ‘218’ incised and ‘396 4 off’ in black paint under base
Presented by the Lipchitz Foundation 1982
Lit: Arnason 1969, repr. 150 (bronze); Lipchitz 1972, p.187
See entry on T00320 (Ronald Alley, The Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art, 1981). Arnason reproduces two other small maquettes of this subject. The commission for ‘The Spirit of Enterprise’ overlapped both with the fire in Lipchitz's New York studio on 5 January 1952 and with the period after the death of Curt Valentin in 1955 when he had no dealer, and these maquettes were not exhibited at the time they were made.
The plaster was presumably cast in 1953, and has been painted light red. It was dismembered for casting, probably at the Modern Art Foundry, New York, in the early 1960s. It was repaired with fresh plaster, and not repainted.
[For T03397 and T03479 to T03534 the foundry inscriptions, and reproductions of casts in other materials in the books listed below, are recorded. Abbreviations used:
Arnason 1969 H.H. Arnason, Jacques Lipchitz: Sketches in Bronze, 1969
Lipchitz 1972 Jacques Lipchitz, My Life in Sculpture, 1972
Stott 1975 Deborah A. Stott, Jacques Lipchitz and Cubism, 1975 (reprinted 1978)
Otterlo 1977 A.M. Hammacher, Lipchitz in Otterlo, Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterlo, 1977
Centre Pompidou 1978 Nicole Barbier, Lipchitz: oeuvres de Jacques Lipchitz (1891–1973) dans les collections du Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris, 1978
Arizona 1982 Jacques Lipchitz. Sketches and Models in the collection of Arizona Museum of Art, Tucson, Arizona. Introduction and catalogue by Peter Bermingham, 1982]
The Tate Gallery 1982-84: Illustrated Catalogue of Acquisitions, London 1986