Pale Shelter Scene, like Woman Seated
in the Underground, was exhibited
at the Museum of Modern Art in New
York in the summer of 1941, as part of an exhibition called Britain at War. Moore's drawings were presented as modernist interpretations of the tragedy of war.
Popular opinion in the United States was still largely against military involvement
in the war. The exhibition's narrative
of a brother civilisation under threat complemented a wider propaganda campaign to encourage popular support for American intervention.