- Walter Richard Sickert 1860–1942
- Oil paint on canvas
- Support: 1524 x 762 mm
- Bequeathed by Mrs Anna Knight 1953
Not on display
In 1938 Walter Sickert moved to St George’s Hill House, Bathampton, a small village on the outskirts of Bath where he continued to live with his third wife, Thérèse Lessore, until the end of his life. The artist was still producing work at this time but at an ever-decreasing rate, and many of his last paintings were of the house and garden, or scenes painted from photographs of the surrounding area. Despite being in his seventies he sought to play an active role in the life of Bath’s artistic community and frequently gave voluntary lectures to the students of the Bath Academy of Art (now Bath School of Art and Design). He also regularly sent works to be exhibited with the Bath Society of Artists, a group founded in 1904 as an outlet for the creative activity of professional and amateur artists working in the area. The principal of the Bath Academy of Art, Clifford Ellis, introduced Sickert to Charles Neil Knight (1865–1947), an artist and governor of the school. Knight was also the honorary secretary of the Bath Society of Artists. In 1941 he commissioned Sickert to paint a portrait of his wife, Anna, possibly as a way of alleviating Sickert’s straitened financial circumstances, which the war had made increasingly precarious. Ellis recalled that, contrary to Sickert’s lifetime habit of painting from drawings or photographs, the portrait was actually studied from life, the sittings occurring in Anna Knight’s home in Bath. The art historian Wendy Baron has commented that this explains its striking dissimilarity from the artist’s other late paintings.1 Work on the portrait progressed slowly through the year but was interrupted in the autumn when Sickert suffered a series of minor strokes. He eventually became too ill to work and the portrait remained unfinished at his death in January 1942.
The painter Eardley Knollys (1902–1991) recalled in a letter to the Tate Gallery that Anna Knight was very fond and proud of her portrait, despite its unfinished state.2 The painting shows the subject seated on a sofa in a domestic interior. In the background it is possible to make out a cupboard with glass doors, a vase of flowers on a sideboard and a door beyond. Knight is wearing a black dress with a white pie-frill collar, but it is almost impossible to make out the distinguishing features of her physiognomy. As a work in progress, however, the painting is an interesting example of the artist’s late painting technique. The composition has been roughly sketched out with a loose underdrawing over which the paint has been applied in dry patches, dragged across the canvas so that the grain of the support is still visible. The limited colour range of grey/brown or ochre, and tonal variations of blue is lifted by the addition of a small amount of red for the floor, and given structure by a heavy black linear element. Some areas, such as the arm of the sofa, have been painted with thick impasto giving the surface a very textural quality. There appear to be drawn grid lines reminiscent of squaring-up underneath the painted layers. There would have been no practical necessity for this since the portrait was studied from life, but Sickert liked the look of the canvas structured by lines and may have introduced them as a means of maintaining proportion. Increasingly in his final years Sickert relied on the technical assistance of Sylvia Gosse and Thérèse Lessore when painting pictures, and it is very possible that his wife may have contributed to some of the work on Mrs Anna Knight.