Joseph Mallord William Turner

A Windmill on a Hill above an Extensive Landscape with Winding River

1794–5

View this artwork by appointment, at Tate Britain's Prints and Drawings Rooms

Medium
Graphite and watercolour on paper
Dimensions
Support: 190 x 277 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D00670
Turner Bequest XXVII I

Technique and condition

Catalogue entry

Perhaps an imaginary subject, this appears, as J.P. Heseltine pointed out,1 to be a very early instance of Turner’s use of gouache, which is used in the paling fence that runs down the hill to the left. Compare the technique of Tate D00691 (Turner Bequest XXVIII F), which paraphrases J.R. Cozens (1752–1797). This composition would appear to imitate Rembrandt (1606–1669), inspired perhaps by some etchings and drawings, or even possibly the famous painting of The Mill, now in the National Gallery of Art, Washington. Turner was to imitate this latter more explicitly in his painting Windmill and Lock of 1810 (currently untraced).2
1
MS note, Tate catalogue files.
2
Martin Butlin and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, revised ed., New Haven and London 1984, pp.72–3 no.101, pl.108 (colour).
Verso:
The back of the mount blank.

Andrew Wilton
April 2012

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