Turner's studies of Brussels, Louvain, Franchimont and Spa (nos.106-119) were all inspired by sights he had enjoyed early in his 1839 tour, before he reached the Meuse itself. He did not revisit Antwerp in 1839 but this work is similar to those showing Brussels and Louvain, indicating that the were executed in Turner's studio, using both memories and sketches, rather than in the course of a tour. A striking feature of this scene is the bright green tree in the centre. It is very likely that this is a deliberate pun on the name of the square depicted - comparable to that on the 'Orange-Merchant' in no.13.
Gallery label, August 2004