Joseph Mallord William Turner

Dinant from the South-East: Evening

c.1839

View this artwork by appointment, at Tate Britain's Prints and Drawings Rooms

Medium
Gouache, pen and ink and watercolour on paper
Dimensions
Support: 139 x 191 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D20227
Turner Bequest CCXX T

Catalogue entry

Here Turner pictures the Belgian city of Dinant at sunset bathed in a glowing yellow-green light. This radiant effect is achieved by applying dilute washes of yellow watercolour and gouache onto the blue wove paper, building up the pigment in layers around a pure white gouache orb which represents the setting sun. A band of blue-grey watercolour is used to differentiate the vertiginous limestone cliffs, the citadel, the River Meuse and its banks. Applied to wetted paper, this blue-grey has dispersed, bleeding and feathering into the yellow base to produce a striking diffused effect.
The citadel occupies a commanding position atop a ridge at right. Directly below it, stands the Church of Notre-Dame with its slender tower and teardrop-shaped dome. These landmarks, and the townscape which extends outwards from the banks of the river and from the foot of the cliff, are sketched into the scene with swift and slight pen and brown ink. The sloping terrain at the right, trudged by a bow-backed man with walking stick, is highlighted in a sharper mustard yellow.
Turner curator Maurice Davies points out that the artist has most likely accentuated the curve of the crenellated building in the foreground. This was a perspectival strategy to increase ‘any convexity present in pastoral landscapes’ and thus ‘to avoid the narrow, hard-edged views of standard perspective and suggest the full extent of nature’.1
The drawing is closely based on a pencil sketch in the Spa, Dinant, and Namur sketchbook of the same date (Tate D28094; Turner Bequest CCLXXXVII 27 a). For other of Turner’s 1839 gouaches of Dinant see Tate D20228–D20229, D24724; Turner Bequest CCXX U–V, CCLIX 159.
1
Davies 1992, p.96 fig.129.
Verso:
Inscribed in pencil ‘8b’ at top towards right; stamped ‘CCXX T’ towards bottom right.

Alice Rylance-Watson
June 2013

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