Joseph Mallord William Turner Durham: The Castle, Cathedral, and Framwellgate Bridge 1797

Artwork details

Artist
Title
Durham: The Castle, Cathedral, and Framwellgate Bridge
From Tweed and Lakes Sketchbook
Turner Bequest XXXV
Date 1797
Medium Graphite on paper
Dimensions Support: 274 x 370 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D01018
Turner Bequest XXXV 15
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Catalogue entry

The subject was drawn with the page turned horizontally. A finished watercolour of this subject is in the collection of the Royal Academy, London;1 it is severely faded. Turner made it for John Hoppner, RA (1758–1810), presumably in recognition of Hoppner’s support for his (unsuccessful) application for Associateship of the Academy in 1798. He executed one, presumably for similar reasons, for Joseph Farington (1747–1821), probably based on the drawing on folio 29 recto (D01084; Turner Bequest XXXV 82), though the exact relationship between sketch and finished work is debated. See also folio 14 recto (D01012; Turner Bequest XXXV 9), a subject apparently chosen by another Academician, Robert Smirke, for a watercolour that was never realised.
1
Andrew Wilton, J.M.W. Turner: His Life and Work, Fribourg 1979, p.327 no.249, reproduced.
Verso:
Blank; stamped in brown ink with Turner Bequest monogram; inscribed by John Ruskin in brown ink ‘98’ (circled in pencil); ?in a later hand in blue crayon ‘20’; and by A.J. Finberg in pencil ‘141.15’.

Andrew Wilton
August 2010

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