Joseph Mallord William Turner

Farnley Hall from the East

1816

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Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 179 x 254 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D09811
Turner Bequest CXXXIV 19

Catalogue entry

This drawing is the basis of a gouache of Farnley Hall, Yorkshire, executed for its owner, Turner’s friend and patron Walter Fawkes (private collection),1 and shown at Fawkes’s 1819 London exhibition of his Turners and other works as no.10, ‘Farnley, Yorkshire, a Sketch (one of a set)’.2 Compare the thumbnail sketch from the same direction in the 1818 Farnley sketchbook (Tate D12017; Turner Bequest CLIII 13a).
A straight edge has been used to establish some of the elements of the architecture, although those defining the horizontal elements are somewhat haphazard and would not meet at a consistent vanishing point beyond the picture space to the right. The trees to the left are continued a little way onto folio 30 verso opposite (D09810; Turner Bequest CXXXIV 18a). Indicated lightly among the foliage towards the right is the porch shown on folio 1 verso (D09790; Turner Bequest CXXXIV 1a).
For other views at and around Farnley Hall and nearby Yorkshire properties belonging to Walter Fawkes see under folio 1 verso (D09790). David Hill (who has catalogued much of the contemporary Yorkshire material elsewhere in the present catalogue) once thought the Yorkshire subjects in this sketchbook dated to about 1814 or 1815,3 but now considers them to relate to Turner’s 1816 visit (see the Introduction).
1
Andrew Wilton, J.M.W. Turner: His Life and Work, Fribourg 1979, p.368 no.587, illustrated, as c.1818.
2
See Hill and others 1980, p.39.
3
See ibid., p.40 for this sketch; although a specific date for the sketch is not suggested, the gouache is dated ‘1815?’ (p.39), while other pages in this sketchbook are assigned to c.1815 or c.1814–15 elsewhere in the publication.
Technical notes:
There is some brown spotting towards the bottom centre.
Verso:
Blank

Matthew Imms
July 2014

Read full Catalogue entry

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