Joseph Mallord William Turner

Inscription by Turner: Notes on French Grammar

c.1799

View this artwork by appointment, at Tate Britain's Prints and Drawings Rooms

Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 130 x 79 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D40766

Catalogue entry

Over half the page is taken up with the following notes in pen and brown ink:
<Pronoun> Pronouns
Sin. Plural
Moi or je I. Nous we
Toi or tu thou. Vous you
Lui he . eau [sic] or ils they
or them
elle – she elles – / they
[?G] de soi one self Pronouns
[?a] soi one self. Possesive [sic]
Moimême. myself | Mon – my my
Toi –––––––– thyself | Ma –– my
Lui –––––––– him |
elle –––––––– herself | Ton –– thy Te[s]
soi –––––––– one self | Ta –– Tes
nous . ourselfs | Son his ses
vous yourselfs | Sa her ses
eux } themselfs |
elles } | Relative Pro:
Notre our nos Le mien mine
votre your vos La tien
leur their leurs Le tien thine
Le sien his Le notre ours
Le votre yours
Le leur theirs
The first attempt at a heading is smudged and partially deleted, as is ‘La tien’ in the fifth line from the end. See also the French grammar notes on the recto and verso of the front flyleaf (D40767–D40768).
Turner has also written ‘Mr Lowther’ in pencil at the bottom right, inverted relative to the sketchbook’s foliation. Otherwise, the lower part of the page has been filled with the endorsement of the Executors of the Turner Bequest, Henry Scott Trimmer, Charles Lock Eastlake and John Prescott Knight, in brown ink ‘No 379 | 85 leaves of pencil | pen ink – & colour | H.S. Trimmer’ and in pencil ‘C.L.E.’ and ‘JPK’ at the bottom left.

Andrew Wilton
May 2013

Read full Catalogue entry