Joseph Mallord William Turner

Landscape, with Bay, Castle and Rocks in Mid-Distance

1821–2

View this artwork by appointment, at Tate Britain's Prints and Drawings Rooms

Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 114 x 187 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D17667
Turner Bequest CC 89 a

Catalogue entry

This design, made with the sketchbook inverted, is a variation on the composition study made on folio 88 verso (D17665). Ian Warrell has identified the source of this composition as Claude Lorrain’s (circa 1604/5–82) Landscape with the Port of Santa Marinella, circa 1639–40 (Petit Palais), and has shown it to be the basis for a composition across two connected oil sketches, Italian Landscape with Tower, Trees and Figures (Tate N02992)1 and Overlooking the Coast, with Classical Buildings (Tate N02991)2 (see folio 88 verso; D17665 for more information).3 In this version the same elements are present but seen from a little further away. The focal point is a towered building near the centre of the picture, seen between trees with a curved bay beyond and buildings to the left. In the foreground standing near architectural ruins are several figures.

Thomas Ardill
November 2008

1
Martin Butlin and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, revised ed., New Haven and London 1984, p.178 no.307.
2
Butlin and Joll 1984, p.177 no.306.
3
See Ian Warrell, Blandine Chavanne and Michael Kitson, Turner et le Lorrain, exhibition catalogue, Musée des beaux-arts, Nancy 2002, p.194.

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