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Hans Vredeman de Vries was a Dutch painter and architectural designer who published books with inventive illustrations of buildings in perspective. His treatise entitled Perspective 1604-5 had an important impact on northern European artists interested in perspectival painting.

Here Turner demonstrates how Vredeman de Vries used lines on a grid leading to a principal point (E for Eye) and a diagonal to a distance point (D) to produce a foreshortened cube.

September 2004