This painting is thought to be a work which Turner planned to paint for his patron,
Lord Egremont, during his second visit
to Rome in 1828. Lord Egremont wanted
a companion picture to a landscape
by Claude Lorrain in his collection.
Described as a 'Composition' rather
than a 'View', it is an impression of Italy
in its contemporary decline. It is based on Palestrina, the city which in ancient Roman times had been known as Praeneste, and whose loveliness had been praised by the poets Virgil and Horace.