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This is one of a large number of sketches on loose sheets of paper depicting coastal terrain and seagoing vessels in various combinations. Turner specialist Eric Shanes has made a possible connection between this sheet and preparations for Turner’s Picturesque Views on the East Coast of England engraving series.1 For the grouping and dating of these works to the middle and later periods of Turner’s career, see the section introduction.
Evelyn Joll, Martin Butlin and Luke Herrmann (eds.), The Oxford Companion to J.M.W. Turner, Oxford 2001, p.82
Pencil note reading ‘409’. Red ink note ‘ccclxi’. Stamped in black with the Turner Bequest monogram and ‘CCCLXIV – 409’.