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The incidence of these near sketches of Hastings and Battle is suggestive as Turner was later to use storms and lightning-blasted trees as metaphors for battle and the death of King Harold from an arrow, in his watercolour Battle Abbey, the Spot where Harold Fell (currently untraced),1 engraved by William Bernard Cooke for Views in Sussex.
The leaf is stained.
Andrew Wilton, The Life and Work of J.M.W. Turner, Fribourg 1979, p.348 no.423.