Joseph Mallord William Turner

?The Dudley Canal at Tipton

1830

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Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 78 x 110 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D22399
Turner Bequest CCXL 41

Catalogue entry

Inverted relative to the sketchbook’s foliation, this drawing possibly forms a double-page view with folio 40 verso opposite (D22398). As with adjacent sketches, the subject is perhaps the Dudley Canal at Tipton, looking south towards Dudley Castle (on the skyline of the other page). The details in the foreground are unclear, but may be barges with figures. Later development and trees hamper the establishment of a precise viewpoint. Turner’s watercolour Dudley, Worcestershire of about 1832 (Lady Lever Art Gallery, Port Sunlight),1 engraved in 1835 for the Picturesque Views in England and Wales (Tate impressions: T05097, T06113, T06114), combines the castle ruins on the skyline with a busy foreground comprising a canal and industrial buildings including smoking chimneys and furnaces. Although there is no precise correlation, the buildings with chimneys here may have informed those to the right of the watercolour.
For other views of Dudley, see under folio 39 recto (D22395).
1
Andrew Wilton, J.M.W. Turner: His Life and Work, Fribourg 1979, p.400 no.858, pl.195.
Technical notes:
This leaf is affected by the extensive pale brown, mottled staining which extends throughout this particular gathering (folios 31–42; D22379–D22402) and also folios 30 and 43 recto and verso (D22377, D22378, D22403, D22404), as discussed in the Technical notes to the sketchbook’s Introduction.

Matthew Imms
August 2013

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