Joseph Mallord William Turner

The Liebfrauenkirche at Oberwesel and the Schönburg, Looking Upstream; Bacharach and Burg Stahleck, Looking Downstream

1839

View this artwork by appointment, at Tate Britain's Prints and Drawings Rooms

Artist
Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775–1851
Medium
Graphite on paper
Dimensions
Support: 100 x 163 mm
Collection
Tate
Acquisition
Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856
Reference
D28473
Turner Bequest CCXC 62

Catalogue entry

The principal view is of Bachrach, a town which lies in the valleys of the Steeg and Rhine approximately thirty miles south of Koblenz. The spire marks out St Peter’s Evangelical Church and to its left, the ruin of the Gothic Wernerkapelle (its pointed arched windows summarily suggested in an ‘M’-shaped line). The ruin of Castle Stahleck is roughly indicated to the left of the Wernerkapelle atop the small mount. Stahleck is a twelfth-century fortified castle built on the orders of the Archbishop of Cologne. The castle was besieged and sacked on a number of occasions during the Thirty Years’ War (1618–48) and the War of the Palatine Succession (1688–97), leaving it ruined throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.1
The sketch at bottom right is the lower half of the spire of the Liebfrauenkirche at Oberwesel depicted on the folio opposite (Tate D28472; Turner Bequest CCXC 61a).

Alice Rylance-Watson
July 2013

1
Robert R. Taylor, The Castles of the Rhine: Recreating the Middle Ages in Modern Germany, Waterloo, Ontario 1998, p.284–5.

Read full Catalogue entry

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