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In 1816 Turner exhibited two paintings of the temple at Aegina, based on the drawing provided by Henry Gally Knight, and perhaps on further evidence from the architect Thomas Allason. The paintings showed the temple ruined and restored, and formed his first pair of pictures contrasting ancient and modern life. This print reproduces the view of the restored temple, showing it lit by morning sun and with a wedding procession in the foreground. The theme is the birth of a civilisation. Although Turner had accompanied this picture by a quotation from Robert Southey, the poignant contrast between ancient and modern Greece implied by the pair is a thoroughly Byronic one.

August 2004