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These four six-line verses are mostly indecipherable. The first words of the first two lines are written in ink, the rest in pencil. Turner’s theme seems to be ‘Sweet Independence’ and a more developed and legible version is probably on the inside cover of the sketchbook, opposite (D40713); see catalogue entry for a transcription. Turner’s draft continues on the verso (D11975; Turner Bequest CLII 1a).