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Many sculptors turned to direct carving because they felt alienated from the casting process. Underwood was one of those who continued to explore its potential:

Metal on account of its tensile strength, is particularly suitable as a medium for the dynamic idea. I have therefore made extensive experiments in the modification of the usual bronze casting practice, so that I am now able to cast small works inside the studio. In doing this the real character of the bronze form becomes apparent... When the whole process is again in the hands of the sculptor he can design the model to exhibit the skin characteristic of bronze form.

August 2004