This landscape was first sketched out in graphite pencil. Brown washes in various dilutions were then applied one on top of the other to build up the image. Some of these were painted on before the underlying layers were allowed to dry, creating a soft blending of tones. In other places, Varley allowed the layers to dry completely between applications. In areas such as the right foreground, graphite pencil has been used over the washes to provide detail.