The Nazarenes were a group of German artists founded in 1809. Their aim was to regenerate German painting by returning to the purity of the early Renaissance

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  • Ford Madox Brown, 'Jesus Washing Peter's Feet' 1852-6
    Ford Madox Brown
    Jesus Washing Peter's Feet 1852-6
    Oil on canvas
    support: 1168 x 1333 mm
    frame: 1475 x 1640 x 98 mm
    Presented by subscribers 1893
  • William Dyce, 'Madonna and Child' circa 1827-30
    William Dyce
    Madonna and Child circa 1827-30
    Oil on canvas
    support: 1029 x 806 mm
    frame: 1240 x 1010 x 57 mm
    Bequeathed by Colonel Ernest Carrick Freeman 1963
  • Ford Madox Brown, 'Our Lady of Good Children' 1847-61
    Ford Madox Brown
    Our Lady of Good Children 1847-61
    Pastel, watercolour and gold paint on paper
    support: 781 x 591 mm
    Presented by Alfred A. de Pass 1910

The group was founded by Johann Friedrich Overbeck and Franz Pforr who were later joined by Peter Von Cornelius. They were originally called the Brotherhood of St Luke (who is the patron saint of artists) but came to be known as the Nazarenes (i.e. inhabitants of Nazareth, Christ’s home town) because of their religious devotion.

The Nazarenes were known in England to William Dyce and Ford Madox Brown, who both reflected their ideas, and were part of the inspiration for the English Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood formed in 1848.