A photogram is a photographic print made by laying objects onto photographic paper and exposing it to light

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Introduction to photogram

The technique of creating photographic prints without using a camera (photograms) is as old as photography itself – but emerged again in various avant-garde contexts in the early 1920s.

Artist Man Ray refined and personalised the technique to such an extent that the new prints eventually carried his name ‘rayographs’.

Further reading

Out of the light, into the shadows
Why are photograms, and other cameraless photographic techniques, currently proliferate in contemporary art? Our Tate Etc. essay explores this question.

Photogram for kids

Veggie photos
In this fun Tate Kids activity, kids can make prints of leaves or objects by using vegetables and a bit of sunlight.