Photographic prints made by laying objects onto photographic paper and exposing it to light

  • Robert Rauschenberg Untitled

    Robert Rauschenberg
    Untitled 1951
    Photogram
    182.8 x 121.9 cm

    © Time & Life Images/Getty Images

The technique of creating photographic prints without using a camera (photograms) is as old as photography itself – but emerged again in various avant-garde contexts in the early 1920s.

Artist Man Ray refined and personalised the technique to such an extent that the new prints eventually carried his name ‘rayographs’.