Post-painterly abstraction is a blanket term covering a range of new developments in abstract painting in the late 1950s and early 1960s, characterised by a more rigorous approach to abstraction

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  • Morris Louis, 'Alpha-Phi' 1961
    Morris Louis
    Alpha-Phi 1961
    Acrylic on canvas
    support: 2591 x 4597 mm
    Presented by Mrs Marcella Louis Brenner, the artist's widow, through the American Federation of Arts 1968© The estate of Morris Louis
  • Frank Stella, 'Hyena Stomp' 1962
    Frank Stella
    Hyena Stomp 1962
    Oil on canvas
    support: 1956 x 1956 mm
    frame: 1982 x 1981 x 91 mm
    Purchased 1965© ARS, NY and DACS, London 2002
  • Kenneth Noland, 'Gift' 1961-2
    Kenneth Noland
    Gift 1961-2
    Acrylic on canvas
    support: 1829 x 1829 mm
    Presented by the artist through the American Federation of Arts 1966© The estate of Kenneth Noland /VAGA, New York/DACS, London 2010

Post-painterly abstraction set abstract painting on a more purely abstract basis than before.

It grew very directly out of the existing traditions of abstract art, synthesising elements from Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko and Barnett Newman as well as looking to Ad Reinhardt and Ellsworth Kelly, to the late work of Henri Matisse and to the targets and flags of Jasper Johns. However, the post-painterly abstractionists were ruthless in their rejection of the inwardness and mysticism of abstract expressionism and of any residual references to the external world, and they also explored new approaches to composition. What they created was a purely factual kind of art which, more than ever before, functioned in terms of the basic elements of the medium itself; form, colour, texture, scale, composition and so on.

In 1964 an exhibition of thirty-one artists associated with these developments was organised by the critic Clement Greenberg at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. He titled it Post-Painterly Abstraction. Leading figures were Helen Frankenthaler, Morris Louis and Kenneth Noland.