Abbaye de Créteil

Established in 1906, the Abbaye de Créteil was a group of French writers, artists and composers who were inspired by ...

Abject art

Abject art is used to describe artworks which explore themes that transgress and threaten our sense of cleanliness and propriety ...

Abstract art

Abstract art is art that does not attempt to represent an accurate depiction of a visual reality but instead use ...

Abstract expressionism

Abstract expressionism is the term applied to new forms of abstract art developed by American painters such as Jackson Pollock ...

Abstraction-Création

Abstraction-Création was an association of abstract artists set up in Paris in 1931 with the aim of promoting abstract art ...

Académie Colarossi

The Académie Colarossi was an art school in Paris, France, established in the nineteenth century as an alternative to the ...

Académie Julian

The Académie Julian was a major alternative school to the official Ecole des Beaux Arts, especially for women who were ...

Academy

Established during the Renaissance and widespread by the seventeenth century, academies were artist-run organisations whose aim was to improve the ...

Acrylic paint

Acrylic paint is water-based fast-drying paint widely used by artists since the 1960s. It can be used thickly or thinly ...

Action painters

The term action painters is applied to artists working from the 1940s until the early 1960s whose approach to painting ...

Actionism

Actionism is the English version of the general German term for performance art, specifically used for Vienna-based group Wiener Aktionismus ...

Activist art

Activist art is a term used to describe art that is grounded in the act of ‘doing’ and addresses political ...

Aesthetic movement

The aesthetic movement was a late nineteenth century movement that championed pure beauty and ‘art for art’s sake’ emphasising the ...

Aesthetics

Aesthetics is the branch of philosophy that is concerned with the nature of beauty and taste

Afrapix

Afrapix was a photographers' collective and agency founded in South Africa in 1982 which encouraged its members to use photography ...

AfriCOBRA

AfriCOBRA was a Chicago-based group of black artists whose shared aim was to develop their own aesthetic in the visual ...

Afrofuturism

Afrofuturism is a cultural aesthetic that combines science-fiction, history and fantasy to explore the African-American experience and aims to connect ...

Agit-prop

Agit-prop is an enterprise set up by the Soviet Communist Party in 1920 intended to control and promote the ...

Airbrushing

Airbrushing is a painting technique which uses an airbrush to give an even and consistent surface, often used to create ...

AkhRR

The Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia (AkhRR), founded in Moscow in 1922, depicted everyday life among the working people ...

Alabaster

Alabaster is a soft white or translucent stone, it is a fine-grained marble-like variety of gypsum

Albumen print

Invented in 1850, and commonly used in the late nineteenth century, the albumen print is a type of photographic print ...

Allegory

Allegory in art is when the subject of the artwork, or the various elements that form the composition, is used ...

Altermodern

Altermodern is a term coined by curator Nicolas Bourriaud in 2009, to describe art made as a reaction against standardisation ...

American Abstract Artists (AAA)

American Abstract Artists (AAA) is an organisation founded in 1936 to promote the appreciation of abstract art in the United ...

American social realist photography

American social realist photography refers to photographs that documented rural poverty during America’s Great Depression of the 1930s and 1940s

Analytical cubism

The term analytical cubism describes the early phase of cubism, generally considered to run from 1908–12, characterised by a fragmentary ...

Angry Penguins

Angry Penguins was a modernist literary and artistic movement that sought to shake up the entrenched cultural establishment of Australia ...

Animation

Animation is the rapid display of sequences of static imagery in such a way as to create the illusion of ...

Anthropophagia

Meaning cannibalism, anthropophagia as an art term is associated with the 1960s Brazilian art movement Tropicália whose work, although being ...

Anti-art

Anti-art is a term used to describe art that challenges the existing accepted definitions of art

Anti-form

Anti-form is a term associated with a group of artists working in the United States in the late 1960s who ...

Appropriation

Appropriation in art and art history refers to the practice of artists using pre-existing objects or images in their art ...

Aquatint

Aquatint is a printmaking technique that produces tonal effects by using acid to eat into the printing plate creating sunken ...

Arab Image Foundation (AIF)

The Arab Image Foundation (AIF) is a not-for-profit organisation established in Beirut in 1997 to preserve, exhibit and study photographs ...

Archive

Traditionally an archive is a store of documents or artefacts of a purely documentary nature

Art autre

Also known as art informel, art autre translates as 'art of another kind' and was used to describe the dominant ...

Art brut

Art brut is a French term that translates as 'raw art', invented by the French artist Jean Dubuffet to describe ...

Art deco

Art deco is a design style from the 1920s and 1930s in furniture, decorative arts and architecture characterised by its ...

Art informel

Art informel is a French term describing a swathe of approaches to abstract painting in the 1940s and 1950s which ...

Art intervention

The term art intervention applies to art designed specifically to interact with an existing structure or situation, be it another ...

Art & Language

Art & Language is a pioneering English conceptual art group founded in 1968, that questioned the critical assumptions of mainstream ...

Art nouveau

Art nouveau is an international style in architecture and design that emerged in the 1890s and is characterised by sinuous ...

Art Workers' Coalition (AWC)

The Art Workers' Coalition (AWC) was a group of activists who came together in New York in 1969 to promote ...

Arte de los medios de comunicación de masas (art of the mass media)

Arte de los medios de comunicación de masas (art of the mass media) was an experimental arts group formed in ...

Arte Madí

Arte Madí was an artistic group formed in Buenos Aires in 1944 devoted to pure geometric abstraction

Arte nucleare

Arte nucleare was an artist group founded in Milan in 1951 whose aim was to make art in response to ...

Arte povera

Arte povera was a radical Italian art movement from the late 1960s to 1970s whose artists explored a range of ...

Artist-curator

An artist-curator is a practising artist who also curates shows or runs not-for-profit spaces from which they exhibit their art ...

Artist Placement Group

The Artist Placement Group was founded in 1966 with the aim of placing artists in government, commercial and industrial organisations

Artists International Association

Artists International Association was an exhibiting society founded in London in 1933, which held exhibitions and events to promote and ...

Arts and Crafts

Arts and Crafts was a design movement initiated by William Morris in 1861 which aimed to improve the quality of ...

Ashcan School

Ashcan School was a group of North American artists who used realist techniques to depict social deprivation and injustice in ...

Asociación Arte Concreto-Invención (Concrete-Invention Art Association)

Founded by Tomás Maldonado in 1944, the Asociación Arte Concreto-Invención (Concrete-Invention Art Association) was one of two artistic groups formed ...

Assemblage

Assemblage is art that is made by assembling disparate elements – often everyday objects – scavenged by the artist or ...

Atelier

Atelier is a French word that translates literally as studio or workshop and is often used to denote a group ...

Attribute

Attribute has different meanings as a noun and a verb: An attribute (noun) in art is an object or animal ...

Aura

Aura is a quality integral to an artwork that cannot be communicated through mechanical reproduction techniques – such as photography

Authenticity

Authenticity is a term used by philosopher and critic Walter Benjamin to describe the qualities of an original work of ...

Auto-destructive art

Auto-destructive art is a term invented by the artist Gustav Metzger in the early 1960s to describe radical artworks made ...

Autograph ABP

Autograph ABP are an influential photography collective set up in 1988 to support photographers from racial minorities, and also to ...

Automatism

In art, automatism refers to creating art without conscious thought, accessing material from the unconscious mind as part of the ...

Avant-garde

As applied to art, avant-garde means art that is innovatory, introducing or exploring new forms or subject matter