Artist biography

Carl Milles 1875-1955

Swedish-born sculptor chiefly noted for his large fountain projects and other monumental works. Born Carl Anderson at Lagga, near Uppsala. Apprenticed to a cabinet-maker in Stockholm 1892-7, and also attended classes at the Technical School in woodwork and later in carving and modelling. Lived 1897-1904 in Paris, supporting himself with various jobs while continuing to study and model independently; also worked for a time as assistant to Rodin. The award of fourth (later changed to first) place in the competition for the Sten Sture monument in Uppsala 1902 established his reputation in Sweden. 1904-6 in Munich, where he was influenced by Hildebrand's concept of monumental sculpture, then 1906-8 in Rome, Stockholm and Austria. Influenced by classical, medieval and Baroque sculpture. Settled in 1908 at Lidingo, near Stockholm, where his studio and garden later became the Milles Museum. Professor of modelling at the Royal Academy of Art, Stockholm, 1920. His one-man exhibition at the Tate Gallery in 1927 was his first large showing outside Sweden. Appointed professor of sculpture at Cranbrook Academy, Michigan, 1931. Settled at Cranbrook in 1932 and carried out various fountains and monuments in the USA. Became a US citizen in 1945. Died at Lidingo.

Published in:
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.517