Russian sculptor of animals and figures. All his works were carved direct in stone or wood without preliminary models. Born of a poor peasant family in a village 200 miles from Saratov. Taught himself to read and write. In 1917 studied for three months at the art school at Saratov; afterwards continued his studies independently for some years. 1925-7 in Moscow, where he was influenced by Assyrian, Greek and especially Egyptian sculpture. Held a successful exhibition in Moscow in 1927, and was given a scholarship by the Soviet Government to study in Western Europe. 1927-32 in Paris, where he exhibited regularly in the principal Salons and had a one-man show. Visited Spain, Majorca and England, then returned in 1935 to Moscow, where he remained for the rest of his life and where he died.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.732