Artist biography

Edouard Vuillard 1868-1940

French painter and occasional lithographer mainly of 'intimiste' interiors with figures, portraits and landscapes; also painted decorative panels. Born at Cuiseaux (Saône-et-Loire). Spent his youth onwards in Paris with his widowed mother. At the Lycée Condorcet his fellow pupils K.-X. Roussel (later his brother-in-law), Maurice Denis and Lugné-Poë became his friends. Studied for two years at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts and also from 1888 at the Académie Julian, where he met Bonnard, Vallotton, Ibels, Ranson and Sérusier. He participated with them in the Nabi movement from 1888, was associated with the Revue Blanche, and designed programmes and scenery for the Theatre d'Art and L'Oeuvre. First one-man exhibition in the offices of the Revue Blanche, Paris, 1891. His most important series of colour lithographs, 'Landscapes and Interiors', was published in 1899. His early paintings and lithographs tended to be flat and silhouette-like, with contrasting patterns, his later work became more spatial and Impressionistic in treatment. After 1914 he exhibited infrequently and his subsequent work remained largely unknown until 1938, the time of his retrospective exhibition at the Musée des Arts Décoratifs. Died at La Baule while escaping from the German invasion.

Published in:
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.756