Artist biography

Georges Seurat 1859-1891

French Neo-Impressionist painter of figures and landscapes. Born in Paris. Studied at a municipal drawing school under the sculptor Justin Lequien. Then worked 1878-80 at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in the studio of Lehmann, a pupil of Ingres. Copied paintings and drawings by Ingres and Holbein; studied the works of Delacroix and the colour theories of Chevreul, Charles Blanc, O.N. Rood and Charles Henry. Concentrated 1881-3 on drawing, especially in conté crayon, then began to analyse colours into their components (Divisionism) and lay them on side by side in small brush-strokes (Pointillism). Helped to found the Société des Artistes Indépendants in 1884, and met Signac, Cross and Angrand. From 1885 spent almost every summer on the Normandy coast at Grandcamp, Honfleur, etc.; series of coast scenes. Figure compositions, sometimes of large dimensions, during the winter months. Exhibited at the last Impressionist exhibition of 1886. His late works showed increasing stylisation akin to Art Nouveau. Died in Paris.

Published in:
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.681