Canadian abstract painter, printmaker, sculptor and writer. Born in Toronto. Studied at Ontario College of Art, Toronto, 1942-5, and for a time worked as a commercial artist. Member of Painters Eleven in Toronto 1952-9, a group of abstract painters sympathetic to New York art, and became a leading figure in the Canadian Abstract Expressionist movement. First one-man exhibition at the Picture Loan Society, Toronto, 1954. His prints, a form of lithographic monotype sometimes combined with collage, were exhibited at the Venice Biennale in 1956; his paintings were shown at the 1960 São Paulo Bienal and the 1964 Venice Biennale. Made many large paintings in an exuberant variety of abstract styles, including murals for a generating station near Cornwall, Ontario, 1957-8, for Toronto International Airport 1962, for Queen's Park Complex, Ontario Government 1968, etc. Designed sets and costumes for the National Ballet Company of Canada's production of Electra 1963. Has always lived and worked in Toronto.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.728