(b London, 8 Feb 1819; d Brantwood, Cumbria, 20 Jan 1900). English writer, draughtsman, painter and collector. He was one of the most influential voices in the art world of the nineteenth century. His early writings, eloquent in their advocation of J.M.W. Turner and Pre-Raphaelitism and their enthusiasm for medieval Gothic, had a major impact on contemporary views of painting and architecture. His later and more controversial works focused attention on the relation between art and politics and were bitter in their condemnation of what he saw as the mechanistic materialism of his age.
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