1 and painting scenery for the London stage – the origin, presumably, of a lifelong love of music and opera. By 1794, with his friend Thomas Girtin, he attended the evening ‘academy’ hosted by Dr Thomas Monro at his house in the Adelphi, copying works by other artists. A specialist in mental illness, Monro would later be responsible for his mother’s care at Bethlem.
Turner quoted by Walter Thornbury, The Life and Correspondence of J.M.W. Turner R.A., revised edn, London 1897, p.27.
Kenneth Garlick and Angus Macintryre eds., The Diary of Joseph Farington [13 May 1803], vol.VI, p.2030.
Evelyn Newby, ‘Joseph Farington (1747–1821)’, in Evelyn Joll, Martin Butlin and Luke Herrmann eds., The Oxford Companion to J.M.W. Turner, Oxford 2001, p..102.
Kathryn Cave ed., The Diary of Joseph Farington [5 May 1807], vol.VIII, p.3038.
Beaumont, via Farington[5 June 1815], quoted by Martin Butlin and Evelyn Joll, The Paintings of J.M.W. Turner, revised ed., New Haven and London 1984, p.94.
Willard Bissell Pope ed., The Diary of Benjamin Robert Haydon [28 November 1815], Cambridge, Mass., 1960, vol.I, p.484.
Letter from Lawrence to Dawson Turner, 26 April 1809, quoted by W.T. Whitley, Art in England, 1800–1820, Cambridge 1928, vol.1, pp.150-1.
Fraser’s Magazine, June 1839, quoted by Butlin and Joll 1984, p.230.
Elizabeth Rigby (later Lady Eastlake), quoted by Butlin and Joll 1984, p.250.
Bartlett quoted by A.J. Finberg, The Life of J.M.W. Turner, R.A., Second Edition, Revised, with a Supplement by Hilda F. Finberg, Oxford 1961, p.438.
See Thornbury 1897.
Besides Finberg 1961, see Anthony Bailey, Standing in the Sun: A Life of J.M.W. Turner, London 1997 and James Hamilton, Turner: A Life, London 1997. For all aspects of Turner’s life and work see Joll, Butlin and Herrmann 2001. A comprehensive new biography is in preparation by Eric Shanes.
The Times, 31 December 1851.
The Champion, 7 May 1815.