Duchamp lived mainly in New York from 1915 to 1923, in Paris from 1923 to 1942, and returned to New York in 1942. His friendship with Man Ray led to their publication of New York Dada in 1921. From 1915 to 1923 he worked on The Bride Stripped Bare by her Bachelors, Even (The Large Glass) , which he considered his most important single work. It was shown at the International Exhibition of Modern Art at the Brooklyn Museum in 1927, but was badly damaged on its return journey. Duchamp repaired and partially remade it in 1936, and the piece is now in the collection of the Philadelphia Museum of Art. In 1965-6, Duchamp and Richard Hamilton made a replica of the work (Tate Gallery T02011">T02011). Duchamp continued to be a figure of huge importance in the art world. He kept up an interest in experimental film and continued to organise exhibitions, notably the Exposition Internationale du Surréalisme in Paris in 1938. He also devoted much time to playing tournament chess. In the last twenty years of his life, he worked in secret on a three-dimensional realisation of The Bride Stripped Bare by her Bachelors, Even, entitled Etant donnés (Philadelphia Museum of Art). His first one-man exhibition was held at the Arts Club of Chicago in 1937. He died in Neuilly on the outskirts of Paris.
Jerrold Seigel, The Private Worlds of Marcel Duchamp: Desire, Liberation and the Self in Modern Culture, Berkeley, Los Angeles and London 1995
Arturo Schwarz, The Complete Works of Marcel Duchamp, 2 volumes, revised edition, New York 1997
Calvin Tomkins, Duchamp: A Biography, London 1997