Israeli painter and teacher, many of whose works are deeply impregnated with Jewish mysticism and religion. Born in the village of Tuchow in Poland, as Max Bronstein. His father was a Hassidic Jew and a watchmaker. Became a student at the Bauhaus first in Weimar and then in Dessau 1920-5, where he formed a friendship with Paul Klee. Went to Munich in 1926 to study the technique of the Old Masters at the Academy under Max Doerner. Taught at Itten's art school in Berlin 1929-33, then emigrated to Jerusalem after the rise to power of the Nazis and changed his name to Ardon. Teacher at the Bezalel School of Arts and Crafts, Jerusalem, 1935-52; Director from 1940-52. First one-man exhibition at the Jewish Museum, New York, 1948. Artistic Adviser to the Israeli Ministry of Education and Culture 1952-62. Lives in Jerusalem and Paris.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.18