French painter, engraver and lithographer. Born in Paris. At eighteen entered the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in the studio of Pils. After Pils' death, and his replacement by Lehmann, was one of the group of students who rejected official teaching and unsuccessfully asked Manet to take them as his pupils. Exhibited at the Salon from 1876. Interested in depicting the streets of Paris, the scenes one saw there, the types one met, but also worked in Brittany, Normandy, Bordeaux, Flanders, Antwerp and Venice. Manet admired his work, and he was a friend of Renoir who depicted him in three of his major works, including 'Le Moulin de la Galette'. Helped to illustrate Alexis Martin's Paris; Promenades dans les Vingt Arrondissements (1890), contributed to the periodical L'Estampe Originale and was one of the founders and organisers of the Peintres Graveurs. Made over 200 etchings and drypoints, and published his first lithographs just before his death. Died at Auvers-sur-Oise.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.289