American abstract painter who has worked mainly in Paris. Born in Kansas City. Worked in a ceramic factory and as a professional actor, and studied playwriting, before turning full-time to painting. Then moved to New York and studied at the Art Students League 1948-52. Settled in Paris in 1953, met Michel Tapié and various expatriate American artists such as Sam Francis and Norman Bluhm, and in 1954 had his first one-man exhibition there at Studio Paul Facchetti. Co-editor of the Observations of Michel Tapié 1956. His increasing interest in the use of fluid veils of colour to evoke flame-like shapes and mysterious, shifting spaces led him from 1959 to entitle his paintings 'Phenomena' accompanied by an identifying word or phrase. Since 1959 has also made many watercolours. Divides his time between Paris and New York.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.374