Calderon was elected RA in 1867. By this date he had become an established artist and one of the founder-members of the St John's Wood Clique. The artists belonging to this group specialised in historical or biblical scenes depicted in a romantic or dramatic light. In 1887 Calderon was appointed Keeper at the Royal Academy. When he exhibited the Renunciation of St Elizabeth of Hungary (London, Tate) in 1891, the depiction of the Saint kneeling naked in front of the altar provoked criticism from Roman Catholic circles. In general, however, his good draughtsmanship, attractive colouring and interesting choice of subjects made him popular in his day.
H. S. Marks: Pen and Pencil Sketches, 2 vols (London, 1894)
G. A. Storey: ‘Philip Hermogenes Calderon, RA', Mag. A., xxii (1898), pp. 446–52
S. Casteras: Down the Garden Path (diss., New Haven, Yale U., 1977)
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