Artist biography

Robert Henri 1865-1929

American painter and teacher. Born in Cincinnatti; original name Robert Henry Cozad. Trained at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, 1886-8 in the tradition of Eakins, then in Paris at the Académie Julian 1888-91 and the Ecole des Beaux-Arts 1891. 1891-5 in Philadelphia, where he became leader of a circle of young artists, Sloan, Glackens, Shinn and Luks. Painted in a high-keyed Impressionist style c.1892-5, then adopted a more sombre, tonal palette and painted cityscapes, landscapes and portraits influenced by early Manet, Velazquez and Hals. Lived in Paris again 1895-7 and 1898-1900, then settled in New York. Very influential as a teacher, especially at the New York School of Art 1902-9 and at his own art school 1909-12. His attempts to win recognition for the more advanced artists led to the exhibition of The Eight in 1908 and the exhibition of the Independent Artists 1910, a forerunner of the Armory Show. His late works were mainly portraits and figure studies of Spaniards, Irish peasants, etc. Died in New York.

Published in:
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.361