American sculptor, painter and writer on art, born in Kansas City. Studied engineering at the University of Kansas City and art at Kansas City Art Institute 1948-50, the California School of Fine Arts, San Francisco 1951 and Reed College, Oregon 1953-5. Returned to San Francisco and worked in improvisatory theatre, film and (until 1959) painting, and had his first one-man exhibition of paintings at the Dilexi Gallery, San Francisco, in 1957. Moved to New York in 1961 and began to make sculpture. Studied art history at Hunter College, New York 1962-3, writing a dissertation on Brancusi. His early sculptures were mainly neo-Dada, small-scale lead reliefs and mixed media works concerned with process, information and paradox, followed by completely abstract, geometric Minimal sculptures in painted plywood and later in fibreglass or metal. Published a series of articles on sculpture in Artforum from 1966. Also began in 1967 to make soft hanging sculptures in felt and from 1968 to produce anti-form or process works by the lateral spreading, scattering or stacking of different materials. His later work includes a number of projects for large-scale monuments and earthworks. Organised the Peripatetic Artists Guild in 1969, announcing his availability to carry out commissions anywhere in the world. Lives in New York.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.543