Franco-British painter and authority on Arab art and music. Born in Boulogne-sur-Seine, son of the banker Baron Frédéric Emile d'Erlanger. Studied at the Académie Julian in Paris under Jules Lefebvre and Tony Robert-Fleury. Painted landscapes, portraits, figures and street scenes in Paris, Deauville, Italy, England, Egypt and, above all, Tunisia; chiefly known as a painter of North African subjects. Took British nationality in 1894. Settled c.1905 at Sidi-bou-Said in Tunisia and devoted over thirty years to researches into Arab music; author of a monumental study in six volumes L'Histoire de la Musique Arabe. Also collected Arab books and manuscripts. Exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français, the Royal Academy, etc.; retrospective exhibition at the Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, in 1929. Died in Tunis.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, pp.202-3