Aspects of townscape and landscape, including city life in Paris and boats at Royan, dominated his work. Still-life dominated much of the academic side of Peploe's painting at this date, involving various combinations of vases, fans, chairs, fabric, books, flowers and fruit.
After his return to Scotland Peploe painted a number of townscapes and landscapes in which he adopted the structured approach of his still-lifes. In 1920 he paid the first of many regular summer visits to Iona, which inspired a series of intensely coloured studies of sea and landscape over the next 13 years. In 1950 the director of the Glasgow Art Gallery, T. J. Honeyman, grouped Peploe, George Leslie Hunter (1877–1931) and F. C. B. Cadell (1883–1937) in a study called Three Scottish Colourists (see Scottish colourists).
S. Cursiter: Peploe: An Intimate Memoir of an Artist and his Work (London, 1947)
S. J. Peploe, 1871–1935 (exh. cat., intro. G. Peploe; Edinburgh, N.G. Mod. A., 1985)
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